Copyright 2000 St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Inc. St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Missouri)
July 23, 2000, Sunday, FIVE STAR LIFT EDITION
SECTION: NEWS, Pg. A10
LENGTH: 389 words
HEADLINE: OVER-THE-COUNTER MEDICATIONS, HERBAL TEAS CAN SPELL TROUBLE FOR ATHLETES IN; DRUG TESTS
BYLINE: Andrew A. Skolnick;
Special To The Post-DispatchOLYMPIC ATHLETES; DRUG TESTING;
OVER-THE-COUNTER; DRUGS; HEALTH FOOD SUPPLEMENTS; PERFORMANCE
ENHANCING; BAN; SPORTS SPECIFIC
Even competitive athletes who have no intention of using
performance-boosting drugs to cheat need to know what substances are
forbidden in their sport.
So says Dr. Lyn R. Frumkin, a physician crew chief for the U.S. Olympic Committee who supervises urine testing of athletes.
or not their exposure to a prohibited drug was inadvertent, athletes
who test positive for banned substances risk discipline and disgrace.
The innocent use of the wrong over-the-counter cold remedy or an herbal
tea can land an athlete in hot water.
therefore need to be familiar with the most up-to-date information on
substances that are prohibited by their sport's governing body, Frumkin
The classes of substances banned by
U.S. and International Olympic committees and most sports governing
bodies include stimulants (such as amphetamines, ritalin, cocaine,
ephedrine and even large amounts of caffeine); narcotic pain killers
(such as morphine); anabolic steroids (such as testosterone,
nandrolone, androstenedione and dehydroepiandrosterone); diuretics; and
certain hormones and growth factors (such as human growth hormone and
Several other classes of
medications are restricted to varying degrees, including alcohol,
corticosteroids, local anesthetics, beta-blockers and asthma
Athletes must pay careful
attention to the exact name of the medication because many banned
products have almost the same name as those that are permitted. For
example, Dristan 12-hour Nasal Spray is allowed, but Dristan Nasal
Spray, which contains the banned substance phenylephrine, is not.
Some sports governing bodies ban different substances, which adds to the confusion.
that slow pulse rates or reduce tremors may be allowed for weight
lifters and most other athletes, but they are forbidden for archers and
target shooters, whose performance they could enhance.
also must be cautious when using products from health food stores. Many
herbal remedies and nutritional supplements contain banned substances.
especially must be cautious with any product promoted as an energy
booster or performance enhancer, Frumkin said. Because these products
are unregulated by the Food and Drug Administration, the ingredients
label on these products cannot be trusted.
GRAPHIC: PHOTO (1) PHOTO - YES - Dristan 12-hour Nasal Spray is allowed ... (2) PHOTO -NO - ... but Dristan Nasal Spray, which contains the banned substance phenylephrine, is not.